Golf is an elegant sport, but can be quite confusing to people not familiar with it. The many technical terms and equipment used exclusively for golf can confuse and overwhelm most people. Today, you’re about to find out the basic golf rules.
Golf rules and basic forms of golf
The basic goal of golf is to put the golf ball into a golf hole. Sounds simple, no? But there is a lot more to golf rules than that basic goal. A golf game typically consists of 19 golf holes that can be played depending on the course layout. If a golf course has less than 18 holes, extra rounds are played on certain holes until 18 holes have been played. Golf rules depend on what form of golf is currently being played, with the most basic forms being match play and stroke play. In match play, players compete 1 vs 1 or in teams, and compete on each golf hole, treating them as separate contests. The party with the better score wins, with tied games being possible. If one team gains an advantage that cannot be overcome, one of the golf rules states that the match is automatically decided in favor of the leading team and ends at that point. As for stroke play, points scored from each hole are added to a total score. Stroke play matches are typically played during tournaments and by professional golf players. Matches do not end by domination, but are always played for the full 18 holes.
Scoring system golf rules
Contrary to most sports, golf rules determine that the player or team with the lowest score wins the match. The basic goal of any golfer is to put the golf ball in the golf hole with as few strokes as possible. Depending on the layout of a golf course, golf rules for scoring may differ and are determined by “Par”. If a golf hole is on a relatively unfavorable part of terrain, its Par rating is higher. For example, a golf hole located on a hill would have a higher Par rating than a golf hole located on completely flat terrain. If a golf hole has a Par-4 rating, according to golf rules, the golfer receives or subtracts points from his score, depending on how many shots he needed to place the ball in the hole. Par-4 means typically 4 shots for a no-score. If shots are under 4, the golfer gets -1, -2 or -3 points subtracted from his score. This is a good thing, since the player with the lowest score wins in golf. A skilled golfer can usually correct his mistakes on latter holes.
Golf rules – International standards
Golf rules are typically standardized internationally, according to the R&A and United States Golf Association. This means that golf rules are the same, wherever you play in the world. As in all sports, the basic principle behind golf rules is fairness. If the game is played on rough terrain or during rough weather, the players are obliged to follow the basic principles of fairness and not exploit potential accidents occurring during a match. Standardized golf rules make golf a globally recognizable and enjoyable sport.